Volume 1 Issue 1
Note from the director
Happy 2021 and welcome to Volume 1 of the Imagine Aging Newsletter.
As a team we have been researching promising practices, policies and programs that support age-equity and age-inclusivity in urban settings since 2018. Before COVID-19 halted our international travel, we enjoyed annual team meetings in Toronto and Ottawa, and completed prep work and field work in 3 sites (Toronto, Ottawa and Bergen). While we are anxious to get back to the field, we have not stopped our work! Since last spring, we have had 2 virtual semi-annual meetings, continued working with a variety of communities and been busily sifting through our field research data, analysing our findings, giving public talks, developing ideas, writing abstracts, completing graduate degrees and creating digital stories. We are also actively planning ways to continue to bring our findings back to various communities.
This bi-annual newsletter is a way of celebrating our accomplishments! I encourage you to be in touch with us to share any updates.
New Members 2020
An Interview with Martha McDonald
We asked Dr. Martha McDonald to answer a couple questions about her experience as an Imagine Aging Researcher:
Q1. Could you please tell us about yourself, your research and your interests?
I am an economist at Saint Mary’s University in Halifax, NS Canada. I trained as a labour economist and largely self-trained as a political economist. My early research on labour market segmentation and inequality led to an increased focus on gender. My research moved beyond the labour market to focus more on livelihoods and the importance of unpaid work. Livelihoods are also highly dependent on government policy. My policy work has looked at EI and other income security and social policies, as well as industry policies. It is in the context of research on labour market restructuring in rural Atlantic Canada that I first studied home care and long term care, as these are important employers. My research has always been interdisciplinary. I was approached by Pat Armstrong, with whom I have collaborated over the years, to join the Reimagining Long Term Residential Care project as it was being developed. My work on that project drew on my social policy interests as well as my interest in conditions of work. Unpaid work also features strongly in long term care, so it brought together many of my interests. I still do not see myself as an expert on aging. On the personal front, I have two grown children and one granddaughter, who now live outside my region. I remain very grounded in my life in Nova Scotia, though I love to collaborate with colleagues from around the world. I also like to welcome colleagues to Nova Scotia. COVID-19 has put a serious damper on these interactions.
Q2. Why did you chose to join the project, what drew you to the project?
My involvement in this project grew out of the Reimagining Long Term Residential Care project. I was keen to continue working with the great group of international colleagues and friends from that project. I also liked the idea that this project would not focus on one program or type of institution, but would take a broader look at aging. I like getting out in the neighbourhoods.
Q1. How should we imagine aging?
The life course is a process, and aging is not something that abruptly happens. People may spend as many years being seniors as they did in paid work or raising children, and we need to think about people’s opportunities and needs through all those years. In our market-driven economy aging can be more like a cliff you drop off, where all the chickens come home to roost. Like a game of musical chairs, you land on a place that embodies all the inequities of a life-time, reflected in your health, income, social supports and opportunities. The project focuses on these ‘communities within communities’, recognizing that the experience of aging can be very different. Imagining aging should meet people where they are with a vision to enhance their lives. This means focusing on the structural factors that reproduce inequities, inhibit well-being and limit options.
Q2. What does your disciplinary perspective bring into the conversation of imagining aging for cities and the communities within communities project?
At this point in my career, I’m not sure if I still have a disciplinary perspective! Perhaps I ask some different questions in policy analysis, coming from a feminist economics perspective. I am also comfortable taking on economists, who have undo influence in the policy environment. I find in this project, more than any other, I am particularly interested in the contributions of cultural studies to the discourse on aging, and enjoy learning from those with non-social science backgrounds.
Q3. In what ways does studying promising practices advance our normative aims of age-equity and age-inclusivity?
We learn more looking at what is promising than revealing what is bad. Sometimes it is simple things that make the difference, things that look obvious once you see them in action. As an economist trained primarily in secondary data analysis, I always thought you needed to talk to people to fully understand an issue or empirical finding. Now I realize it’s more than just talking. You need to observe carefully, take in the feel of an environment, watch people engage (or not). I think that is why our digital cues have been so powerful.
Through our process of catalytic ethnography, over the last year we have successfully created several digital stories which outline the promising practices we have found. Here are the ones we have created:
- Imagine Aging Project: What do people living in a city need as they age?
- Imagine Aging Project: What does ‘Age-Friendly’ mean to you?
- Imagine Aging Project: “Less Lonely”
- Imagine Aging Project: Exploring Death Friendliness
Project Accomplishments 2019/2020
- With CUPE National and Egale, the Ottawa team received a MITACS award to do a study on improving public services safety for LGBTQ2+ seniors and workers. The study is now complete, and entailed an extensive literature review, a national environmental scan, interviews and focus groups. Christine Streeter, a doctoral student with the project, has conducted the research under the supervision of Irene Jansen (CUPE), Martin Krajcik (Egale) and Susan Braedley.
- In June 2019, the first pilot training in trauma-sensitive research interviewing was offered by Susan Braedley and Anna Przednowek, a doctoral student researcher with the project. This training, using interview simulations with actors and reflecting teams, is now being developed as a teaching resource.
- Madeline Lamanna, a MSc student with the project, has completed her thesis using data from the Ottawa site study. Her work shows the relationship between seniors’ access to public transit and their social participation in the community. With perspectives from transit workers, including managers and bus operators, and from seniors, this is a unique and important contribution to our understandings of how transportation supports moves toward age-equitable cities. Madeline is supervised by co-investigator, Renate Ysseldyk, with Susan Braedley as a committee member.
- Susan Braedley (PI) and Renate Ysseldyk were successful in an application, COVID and Seniors at Home: Addressing Diverse Needs, Supporting Seniors’ Service Innovation. Co-investigators include Lauren Brooks – Cleator, a SSHRC post-doc attached to the partnership, and Dr. Dennis Kao. This project will recontact participants and agencies involved in the Ottawa site study, completed in 2019, to do several “waves” of interviews and check-ins to assess how COVID is affecting older adults in Ottawa and how services and policy makers are responding.
- Susan Braedley received a Carleton Graduate Mentor Award in March, 2020, in recognition of her work with graduate students and colleagues across Carleton. Nominees included many who are participating in the Imagine Aging team.
- Susan Braedley is a co-applicant on a Norwegian Research Council Grant Proposal led by co-investigator Gudmund Agotnes, and includes other co-investigators from the Imagine Aging team, as well as other researchers. The project focuses on changing mood-altering substance use, including treatment and regulation, in older adult populations in three countries, and grew out of the Ottawa site study findings.
- 1-year CIHR Development Grant: With the support of the SSHRC project, Sean Hillier received a small 1-year CIHR Development Grant: Aging Well with HIV in Indigenous Communities: “Communities within Communities”. Canadian Institutes of Health Research Development Grant: Indigenous Gender & Wellbeing. Sean is the PI along with the Ontario Aboriginal HIV/AIDS Strategy and Tamara Daly is the Co-PI.
- Hamza, who has been with the project for a year and a half completed his BSc In Kinesiology & Health Sciences April 2020
- Dr. Gudmund Ågotnes is leading the substance use and abuse in old age: policies and services in changing times
- Dr. Frode Fadnes Jacobsen Age-friendly physical and social environments: exploring new models for cooperation and service innovation for vulnerable older people.
- Sally Chivers (PI) was successful in a Trent COVID funding application “Imagine Age-Friendly ‘Communities within Communities’: Pre and Post Covid-19” $9312. Co Investigators include Tamara Daly and Julia Brassolotto. Albert Banerjee has been actively involved in the research, and we have hired Kate Simola as a research assistant. The project is retooling our Digital Cue strategy to take into account the changes required due to COVID. We’re now working on our second new Cue along with a project-wide questionnaire to prompt more cue creation and a guidebook to enable all team members to participate in ways that work well for them. The project was featured in a Trent Centre for Aging & Society video series here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zsXfGZamHho and the first cue is live here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DYbosNFtAmk
- Sally Chivers received certification as a Digital Storytelling Facilitator from Story Center over the summer
- Chivers, Sally. “‘Your own guilty story’: Rethinking Care Relations through David Chariandy’s Soucouyant.” Canadian Literature. 239 (2019): 108-124.
- Chivers, Sally. “Aging Together and Apart: From the Pivot to the Pirouette.” Synapsis: A Health Humanities Journal. July 29, 2020.
- Chivers, Sally. “How We Rely on Older Adults, Especially during the Coronavirus Pandemic.” The Conversation. Canadian Edition. July 30, 2020.
- Sally Chivers was interviewed by Global News about my role as filmmaker when my short film debuted at the Reframe International Film Festival (film was made as part of our work developing the grant): https://globalnews.ca/video/6460008/reframe-film-festival-brings-over-80-films-to-peterborough?fbclid=IwAR1ccD5PfAoMbB9TdMtq6wGVAjDEKiKgyN0sEteUn1LFAogR8posv8ImGsw
- Sally Chivers “Old Friends: The Social Practices and Cultural Politics of Friendship in Late-Life Care.” Aging, Illness, and Care in Literary and Cultural Narratives Conference. University of Huddersfield, UK. Funded by the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science. September 2019. Based on our team research (Lecture)
- Sally Chivers – Aging Together and Apart.” Trent Talks Series. May 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKopLcm6ACg
- Hillier, S. & Al-Shammaa, H. (2020) Indigenous Peoples Experiences with Aging: A Systematic Literature Review. Canadian Journal of Disability Studies, 9(4). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15353/cjds.v9i4
- Hillier, S., Chaccour, E., Al-Shammaa, H. (2020) Indigenous Nationhood in the Age of COVID-19: Reflections on the Evolution of Sovereignty in Settler-Colonial States. Journal of Indigenous Social Development, 9(3). E-ISSN 2164-9170
- Hillier, S., Chaccour, E., Al-Shammaa, H. Vorstermans, J. (2020) Commentary: Canada’s Response to COVID-19 for Indigenous Peoples: A way forward? Canadian Journal of Public Health, 111(6). DOI: 10.17269/s41997-020-00444-w
- Sean Hillier Nominated Principal Investigator. Aging Well with HIV in Indigenous Communities: “Communities within Communities”. Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Development Grant Indigenous Gender & Wellbeing ($68,797)
- 2020 Brooks-Cleator, L & Hillier, S. (2020) “Resistance, Resilience, and Relationship: Indigenous Older Adults and Aging in the City”. Indigenous Health Conference. University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine. Toronto, Canada
- November 2020 Hillier, S., Chaccour, E., Al-Shammaa, H. “Indigenous Perspectives on Aging & Wellbeing” York University Centre for Aging Research and Education (YU-CARE).
- Tamara Daly, Long-term care work is essential, but has not been properly valued. Poor working conditions put both staff and residents at risk. https://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/may-2020/long-term-care-work-is-essential-but-essentially-under-recognized/
Virtual Semi-Annual Meeting 2020
Get new content delivered directly to your inbox.